The Westminster Confession of Faith of 1647

Translated into 21st-Century American English

Edition: March 13, 2018


Table of Contents


Helpful Notes to the Reader


Chapter 1: Of the Holy Scripture

Chapter 2: Of God and of the Holy Trinity

Chapter 3: Of Godís Eternal Decree

Chapter 4: Of Creation

Chapter 5: Of Providence

Chapter 6: Of the Fall of Man, of Sin and the Punishment Thereof

Chapter 7: Of Godís Covenant with Man

Chapter 8: Of Christ the Mediator

Chapter 9: Of Free Will

Chapter 10: Of Effectual Calling

Chapter 11: Of Justification

Chapter 12: Of Adoption

Chapter 13: Of Sanctification

Chapter 14: Of Saving Faith

Chapter 15: Of Repentance to Life

Chapter 16: Of Good Works

Chapter 17: Of the Perseverance of the Saints

Chapter 18: Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation

Chapter 19: Of the Law of God

Chapter 20: Of Christian Liberty and Liberty of Conscience

Chapter 21: Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath Day

Chapter 22: Of Lawful Oaths and Vows

Chapter 23: Of the Civil Magistrate

Chapter 24: Of Marriage and Divorce

Chapter 25: Of the Church

Chapter 26: Of the Communion of the Saints

Chapter 27: Of the Sacraments

Chapter 28: Of Baptism

Chapter 29: Of the Lordís Supper

Chapter 30: Of Church Censures

Chapter 31: Of Synods and Councils

Chapter 32: Of the State of Men After Death, And the Resurrection of the Dead

Chapter 33: Of the Last Judgement

Appendix A: Does the State Have Authority Over the Church?

Appendix B: Background and Editorial Philosophy


Copyright 2015: Tom Sullivan, Editor


The editor hereby grants to all without restriction full freedom to copy and distribute this work (excluding publication of ESV, KJ3, or NASB proof texts) without limitation, in part or in whole, provided that the text shall be unmodified and that all copyright notices are included. The original Westminster Confession of Faith was authored by the Westminster Divines and is in the public domain.


Quoted Scripture passages fall into two categories. Within the main text and footnotes, Scripture passages are quoted under general permission to all authors and are taken from the NKJV, the New King James Version (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982), the default, and those designated by (NASB) are from the New American Standard Bible: 1995 update (LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation, 1995). The second category contains proof texts from the English Standard Version (ESV), King James 3 (KJ3), and the New American Standard Bible (NASB), all reproduced by kind permission, and from the World English Bible (WEB), which is in the public domain.

ESV Proof texts, whether in the body of the document or screen tips:

Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Versionģ (ESVģ), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. For permission to publish, please visit

KJ3 Proof texts, whether in the body of the document or screen tips:

KJ3óLiteral Translation Bible - 2005 Edition

Copyright © 2005 by Jay P. Green, Sr. All rights reserved.

NASB Proof texts, whether in the body of the document or screen tips:

New American Standard Bible Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968,

1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, CA. All rights reserved.

For Permission to Quote Information visit

WEB Proof texts, whether in the body of the document or screen tips:

The World English Bible is a current work in the public domain. See for more information.

Those wishing to publish copies of this work must either remove the ESV, KJ3, and NASB proof texts or else obtain their own permissions from Crossway, Sovereign Grace Publishers, Inc., and the Lockman Foundation, respectively. Contact the editor regarding availability of versions of this work with hyperlinks to or another source instead of the included ESB, KJ3, and NASB proof texts.





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